The night-time cultural economy has lost 86,000 jobs due to Covid-19, 15,000 of them in culture and arts events.
Defined as a third party providing events, the night-time cultural economy has suffered more than the wider night-time economy and the out-of-home leisure economy as a whole.
A new report from the Night Time Industries Association says the culture and arts subsector - museums, galleries, theatres, music venues and cinemas - had grown faster than other parts of the night time cultural economy, accounting for nearly 200,000 jobs in 2019.
However, it lost £36bn in trade over the 18 months to June - more than 100% of its pre-pandemic value.
This section of the economy contributes 1.64% of GDP, "but also to the health, well-being and sangfroid of the population as a whole," the report says.
"It is felt quite strongly that the night time cultural economy bats much higher than just its economic contribution."