ABRSM has reported a "seismic" shift towards digital music learning.
64% of children use digital resources to make music, according to the music board's Making Music 2021 report.
Whilst 59% of children and 27% of adults surveyed currently play an instrument, 86% and 43% respectively said they are making music, suggesting a trend towards online tools.
Despite increases in digital participation, 11% fewer children are taking instrumental lessons at schools than in 2014.
Finance remains a barrier to participation. People from wealthier households are 1.4 times more likely to play a musical instrument, with 25% of children and 18% of adults who never played an instrument saying this was due to expense.
The music sector must work to overcome “fundamental and deep-seated barriers” that stop people accessing music, ABSRM Chief Executive Chris Cobb commented.