The number of nightclubs in London has fallen by 22% since the start of the pandemic.
Figures from the Night Time Industries Association (NTIA) show there are currently 198 venues operating as nightclubs across the capital - the lowest figure since the mid-90s.
Chief Executive Michael Kill said the 16 months' of closure from March last year hit independent clubs the hardest.
“Nightclubs throughout this pandemic have been disproportionately targeted as high risk settings without substantive evidence, almost ostracised publicly.
“The Government’s lack of understanding of this sector has led to ill-informed decision-making and businesses being marginalised or lost forever.”